Drill vs Router Bits: What’s the Difference?

Router bit

Do you know the difference between a drill bit and a router bit? While both consist of a metal rod with helical grooves known as flutes, they aren’t the same. Drill bits and router bits are two different types of tool bits, and they are used for different purposes.

What Is a Drill Bit?

A drill bit is a cutting tool bit that’s designed to create holes in objects. You can install a drill bit on a power drill, after which you can use it to drill holes. As you press the spinning drill bit against an object, the flutes will scoop out and remove material from the object. The end result is a uniform hole in place of where you guided the flute.

Common types of drill bits include the following:

  • Twist drill bits
  • Spade bits
  • Forstner bits
  • Masonry bits
  • Step bits
  • Countersink bits
  • Auger bits
  • Tile bits

What Is a Router Bit?

A router bit is a type of shaping tool that’s designed for use with a router. You can find them in different sizes. Some router bits have a larger diameter, which allows them to create bigger holes. Router bits are also available in different materials, such as stainless steel and carbon steel. Regardless, they are all designed for use with a specialized tool known as a router.

Differences Between Drill and Router Bits

One of the main differences between drill bits and router bits is that the former is used to create holes in objects, whereas the latter is used to cut and shape objects. If you simply want to create a pilot hole for a screw, you should use a drill bit. If you want to create a joint or decorative cut, on the other hand, you should use a router bit.

Drill bits and router bits are designed for different types of power tools. Drill bits, of course, require the use of a power drill. Router bits, in comparison, require the use of a router. Not to be confused with the networking equipment of the same name, routers are handheld power tools that feature a flat base and a spinning bit. They are commonly used in carpentry and woodworking applications.

While both types of bits can cut the objects with which they are used, drill bits and router bits cut from different angles. Drill bits cut straight holes by scooping out material. Router bits still rely on flutes to cut — just like drill bits — but router bits cut from the sides. Another difference between drill bits and router bits is the number of flutes. Drill bits typically have more flutes than router bits.

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